Chicken equipment is not a single device name, but a collective name for a group of equipment, including: heating equipment, ventilation equipment, water supply equipment, feeding equipment, egg collection equipment, cleaning equipment, cages, lighting equipment, etc. Wait, a group of devices are indispensable, and they each play an important "role."
1 water supply equipment
Laying hens and broiler chickens are inseparable from water. From the perspective of saving water and preventing bacterial contamination, nipple drinkers are the most ideal water supply equipment. You must choose a high-quality water-proof drinker. Nowadays, the most common type of chicken and laying hens is the V-shaped water tank, which is often supplied with water, but it takes time to brush the sink every day. A flat-type automatic drinking fountain can be used during brooding, which is both hygienic and water-saving.
2 feeding equipment
The main use of the trough, cage chickens are used long troughs, this feeding method can also be used when raising brooding, or can be used to feed the bucket. The shape of the trough has a great influence on the throwing of the feed of the chicken. The trough is too shallow, and no protective edge will cause more feed waste.
3 heating equipment
As long as the purpose of heating and heat preservation can be achieved, heating methods such as electric heating, water heating, coal stoves, even fire, and mantle can be used, but it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that the coal stove is dirty and prone to gas poisoning, and a chimney must be added.
Pay attention to thermal insulation when designing the house.
4 ventilation equipment
Closed houses must be mechanically ventilated. According to the direction of airflow in the house, they can be divided into horizontal ventilation and longitudinal ventilation. Lateral ventilation means that the direction of airflow in the house is perpendicular to the long axis of the house. Longitudinal ventilation refers to the way in which a large number of fans are concentrated in one place, so that the airflow in the house is parallel to the long axis of the house. The research practice since 1988 proves that the longitudinal ventilation effect is better, which can eliminate and overcome the phenomenon that the ventilation dead angle and the wind speed are small and uneven in the horizontal ventilation, and eliminate the disadvantages of cross-infection between the chicken houses caused by the horizontal ventilation.
5 sets of egg equipment Jinhua farming
The highly mechanized chicken farm uses the conveyor belt to automatically collect eggs, which has high efficiency but high breakage rate. In October, general chicken farmers use hand-collected eggs.
6 clearing equipment
In general, chicken farms use artificial periodic defecation, and large-scale chicken farms can use mechanical decontamination.
For brooding, stencils can be used, and stereoscopic multi-layer brooders can be used. In addition to flat-line breeding, brooding chickens are often used in overlapping or step-wise brooding cages. Farmers take 60-70 days of direct transfer to human hen cages. Laying hens are basically caged. At present, there are many manufacturers of chicken cages in China, which can be purchased according to actual conditions.
The cage area of the chicken must be guaranteed.
8 lighting equipment
Ordinary light bulbs are commonly used for lighting in China, and the trend is to use energy-saving lamps. Many chicken farms install time-controlled automatic switches instead of manual switches to ensure accurate and reliable illumination time.
Incubation equipment: refers to the general term for the items required during the incubation process. It includes: incubators, hatchers, incubator parts, special items for hatchery, heating equipment, humidification equipment, and various measurement systems.
The price of chicken equipment is differentiated according to the automation and non-automation of the equipment. The price of a complete set of automatic chicken equipment is about 100,000 yuan. Non-automatic is relatively cheap, but the efficiency is low.